Buddhism has enjoyed a prominent place in the study of Asian religious ideas at Hamburg University for almost 100 years. With the publication series Hamburg Buddhist Studies the Numata Center for Buddhist Studies aims to honor this long-standing commitment to research and share the results of this tradition with the community of scholars and the wider public. The volume will be available in book form and online, published by Hamburg University Press and Projektverlag.
Vol. 1: Anālayo: The Genesis of the Bodhisattva Ideal
Vol. 2: Anālayo: The Dawn of Abhidharma
Vol. 3: Lin/Radich (Eds.): A Distant Mirror
Vol. 4: Silk: Buddhist Cosmic Unity
Vol. 5: Radich: The "Mahāparinirvāṇa-mahāsūtra" and the Emergence of "Tathāgatagarbha" Doctrine
Vol. 6: Anālayo: The Foundation History of the Nuns’ Order.
Steffen Döll (Universität Hamburg) | Michael Zimmermann (Universität Hamburg)
Bhikkhu Anālayo (Universität Hamburg)
Lucia Dolce (School of Oriental and African Studies, London)
Franz-Karl Ehrhard (Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München)
Mario Poceski (University of Florida, Gainesville, USA)
Petra Kieffer-Puelz (Academy of Sciences and Literature, Mainz)
Vol. 6: The Foundation History of the Nuns’ Order
by Bhikkhu Anālayo
This book is a companion to Bhikkhu Anālayo’s previous studies of the Genesis of the Bodhisattva Ideal and the Dawn of Abhidharma. In the present book he examines the foundation history of the Buddhist order of nuns, based on a detailed study of the canonical accounts of this event preserved in Chinese, Pāli, Sanskrit, and Tibetan. Anālayo investigates how the different and at times conflicting parts of the textual account of this particular episode gradually evolved to constitute the foundation history in the way in which it is now extant. His findings put into perspective the Buddha’s refusal to found an order of nuns as well as the prediction that the going forth of women supposedly spells decline for the whole Buddhist tradition, showing how these elements would have arisen and then become part of the foundation history.
Anālayo, The Foundation History of the Nuns’ Order. Hamburg Buddhist Studies 6, Bochum/Freiburg: Projektverlag 2016. The book is freely available (PDF).
Vol. 5: The "Mahāparinirvāṇa-mahāsūtra" and the Emergence of "Tathāgatagarbha" Doctrine
von Michael Radich
Famously, tathāgatagarbha doctrine holds that every sentient being has within the body a womb for Buddhas, or an embryonic Buddha – the potential for full buddhahood. Previous scholars have seen this doctrine as originating in the Tathāgatagarbha-sūtra. In this book, Michael Radich argues that rather, the Mahāparinirvāṇa-mahāsūtra is most likely our earliest extant tathāgatagarbha text. Radich then argues that tathāgatagarbha ideas originated as part of a wider pattern of docetic Buddhology – ideas holding that Buddhas are not really as they appear. Buddhist docetic texts are clearly troubled by the notion that Buddhas could have flesh-and-blood human mothers. The Mahāparinirvāṇa-mahāsūtra is one such text, and tathāgatagarbha functions as a better substitute for imperfect human maternity: rather than a putrid, painful human womb, buddhahood springs from a “womb” inherent in every sentient being, which promises final liberation from flesh altogether. This book should interest readers concerned with the history of Buddhist ideas, gender in Buddhism, the early Mahāyāna, the cult of the Buddha’s relics, and relations between Buddhist ideas and practice.
Michael Radich, The "Mahāparinirvāṇa-mahāsūtra" and the Emergence of "Tathāgatagarbha" Doctrine. Hamburg Buddhist Studies 5, Hamburg: Hamburg University Press 2015. The book is freely available (PDF).
Vol. 4: Buddhist Cosmic Unity: An Edition, Translation and Study of the "Anūnatvāpūrṇatvanirdeśaparivarta"
von Jonathan A. Silk
The "Anūnatvāpūrṇatvanirdeśaparivarta" is a short Mahāyāna sūtra extant in its entirety only in Chinese translation. To judge from its use as a proof-text in the seminal philosophical treatise "Ratnagotravibhāga", which quotes roughly half of the sūtra, it is a fundamental scripture expressing ideas about the unitary nature of saṁsāra and nirvāṇa, and each individual’s innate capacity for awakening, called in this text and elsewhere ‘tathāgatagarbha,’ ‘embryo of the tathāgatas.’ Although the text has hitherto drawn the attention primarily of Japanese scholars, this is the first critical edition of the sūtra, aligning its Chinese text with the available Sanskrit, offering a richly annotated English translation, a detailed introduction which places the work in its historical and doctrinal context, and a number of appendices exploring key notions, providing a reading text shorn of annotation, and enumerating the prolific quotations of the work found in Chinese Buddhist literature. This volume is thus an important contribution to studies of developing Mahāyāna Buddhism, Buddhist doctrine and the textual history of scriptures.
Jonathan A. Silk, An Edition, Translation and Study of the "Anūnatvāpūrṇatvanirdeśaparivarta". Hamburg Buddhist Studies 4, Hamburg: Hamburg University Press 2015. The book is freely available (PDF).
Vol. 3: A Distant Mirror – Articulating Indic Ideas in Sixth and Seventh Century Chinese Buddhism
herausgegeben von Lin Chen-kuo und Michael Radich
In this book, an international team of fourteen scholars investigates the Chinese reception of Indian Buddhist ideas, especially in the sixth and seventh centuries. Topics include Buddhist logic and epistemology (pramāṇa, yinming); commentaries on Indian Buddhist texts; Chinese readings of systems as diverse as Madhyamaka, Yogācāra and tathāgatagarbha; the working out of Indian concepts and problematics in new Chinese works; and previously under-studied Chinese evidence for developments in India. The authors aim to consider the ways that these Chinese materials might furnish evidence of broader Buddhist trends, thereby problematizing a prevalent notion of “sinification”, which has led scholars to consider such materials predominantly in terms of trends ostensibly distinctive to China. The volume also tries to go beyond seeing sixth- and seventh-century China primarily as the age of the formation and establishment of the Chinese Buddhist “schools”. The authors attempt to view the ideas under study on their own terms, as valid Buddhist ideas engendered in a rich, “liminal” space of interchange between two large traditions.
Lin, Chen-kuo und Michael Radich [Hrsg.], A Distant Mirror – Articulating Indic Ideas in Sixth and Seventh Century Chinese Buddhism. Hamburg Buddhist Studies 3, Hamburg: Hamburg University Press 2014. The book is freely available (PDF).
Table of Content
- Foreword (Zimmermann, Michael) (PDF)
- Acknowledgements (PDF)
- Introduction (Radich, Michael; Lin, Chen-kuo) (PDF)
- Chinese Translations of Pratyakṣa (Funayama, Toru) (PDF)
- Epistemology and Cultivation in Jingying Huiyuan’s "Essay on the Three Means of Valid Cognition" (Lin, Chen-kuo) (PDF)
- The Theory of Apoha in Kuiji’s "Cheng weishi lun Shuji" (Katsura, Shoryu) (PDF)
- A Comparison between the Indian and Chinese Interpretations of the Antinomic Reason (Viruddhāvyabhicārin)(Moriyama, Shinya) (PDF)
- The Problem of Self-Refuting Statements in Chinese Buddhist Logic (Zamorski, Jakub) (PDF)
- A Re-examination of the Relationship between the Awakening of Faith and Dilun School Thought, Focusing on the Works of Huiyuan (Keng, Ching) (PDF)
- A Pivotal Text for the Definition of the Two Hindrances in East Asia: Huiyuan’s “Erzhang yi” Chapter (Muller, A. Charles) (PDF)
- On the Notion of Kaidaoyi (*Avakāśadānāśraya) as Discussed in Xuanzang’s "Cheng weishi lun" (Chu, Junjie) (PDF)
- Yogācāra Critiques of the Two Truths (Yao, Zhihua) (PDF)
- Philosophical Aspects of Sixth-Century Chinese Buddhist Debates on “Mind and Consciousness” (Kantor, Hans-Rudolf) (PDF)
- The Way of Nonacquisition: Jizang’s Philosophy of Ontic Indeterminacy (Ho, Chien-hsing) (PDF)
- Divided Opinion among Chinese Commentators on Indian Interpretations of the Parable of the Raft in the Vajracchedikā (Choong, Yoke Meei) (PDF)
- Ideas about “Consciousness” in Fifth and Sixth Century Chinese Buddhist Debates on the Survival of Death by the Spirit, and the Chinese Background to *Amalavijñāna (Radich, Michael) (PDF)
- The Process of Awakening in Early Texts on Buddha-Nature in India (Zimmermann, Michael) (PDF
- About the Authors (PDF)
- Index (PDF)
Vol. 2: The Dawn of Abhidharma
von Anālayo, Bhikkhu
This book is a companion to Bhikkhu Anālayo’s previous study of the Genesis of the Bodhisattva Ideal. In the present book he turns to another important aspect in the development of Buddhist thought: the beginnings of the Abhidharma. Anālayo shows that the two main modes generally held in academic circles to explain the arising of the Abhidharma – the use of lists (mātrḳā) and the question-and-answer format – are formal elements that in themselves are not characteristic of Abhidharma thought. Going beyond the notion that the coming into being of the Abhidharma can be located in such formal aspects, he shows how the attempt to provide a comprehensive map of the teachings gradually led to the arising of new terminology and new ideas. He identifies the notion of the supramundane path as an instance where fully fledged Abhidharma thought manifests in the discourses. Anālayo concludes that what characterizes the Abhidharma is not the mere use of dry lists and summaries, but rather a mode of thought that has gone further (abhi-) than the Dharma taught in the early discourses in general.
Anālayo, Bhikkhu, The Dawn of Abhidharma. Hamburg Buddhist Studies 2, Hamburg: Hamburg University Press 2014. The book is freely available (PDF).
Vol. 1: The Genesis of the Bodhisattva Ideal
von Bhikkhu Anālayo
In this book, Bhikkhu Anālayo investigates the genesis of the bodhisattva ideal, one of the most important concepts in the history of Buddhist thought. He brings together material from the corpus of the early discourses preserved mainly in Pāli and Chinese that appear to have influenced the arising of the bodhisattva ideal. Anālayo convincingly shows that the early sources do not present compassionate concern for others as a motivating force for the Buddha’s quest for awakening. He further offers an analysis of the only reference to Maitreya in the Pāli canon, showing that this reference is most likely a later addition. In sum, Bhikkhu Anālayo is able to delineate a gradual genesis of central aspects of the bodhisattva ideal by documenting (1) an evolution in the bodhisattva concept reflected in the early discourses, (2) the emergence of the notion of a vow to pursue the path to buddhahood, and (3) the possible background for the idea of a prediction an aspirant to buddhahood receives from a former buddha.
Anālayo, Bhikkhu, The Genesis of the Bodhisattva Ideal. Hamburg Buddhist Studies 1, Hamburg: Hamburg University Press 2010. Book Review in the Journal of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies 1, 2011, S. 216–221. The book is freely available (PDF).